Stem Cell Therapy Facts Worth Noting
Stem cells and stem cell therapy are gaining a lot of popularity in the news today. For the most part, there are a lot of controversies surrounding this particular therapy. To end misinformation, this article will be your beginner’s guide to stem cells and stem cell therapy. Keep in mind that there are different approaches to stem cell therapy. If you want the best outcome from this therapy, you should consider the simple and legal procedures.
In understanding stem cell therapy better, take note that there are two major sources of stem cells, the embryonic and the adult cell. A stem cell is undifferentiated with the capability to renew itself as well as transform into a minimum of three different tissue types. As the name implies, you get embryonic stem cells from early stage embryos. For this stem cell, it can differentiate into different types of adult cells. The behavior of these stem cells under a microscope is consistent. Unfortunately, you can’t say the same thing when you inject them into the body. Despite ongoing controversies about this type of stem cell, they have some benefits when it comes to research. Sadly, they cannot be used for any actual treatments.
On the other hand, adult stem cells originate from post-fetal animals. One such example of this type of stem cell is hematopoietic stem cells that develop into white or red blood cells. You also have the so-called mesenchymal cells that turn into various tissue types like nerves, liver, heart, cartilage, ligament, tendon, and bone. You can get adult stem cells from the bone marrow, muscles, brain tissue, and fat. Among these tissues, fat contains the most number of mesenchymal cells. On the other hand, the umbilical blood or bone barrow has more stem cells that develop into white or red blood cells.
For stem cells, they can be classified further as xenogenic, allogenic, and autologous. Autologous stem cells have the origins from the same animal. These stem cells are often used for transplants because they will not be rejected. With allogenic stem cells, they come from the same species but a different donor. Xenogenic stem cells lastly come from a donor belonging in another species.
Stem cells used in stem cell therapy don’t only have the capacity to develop into different tissues that the body needs. Also, these cells are popular for their healing benefits. Stem cells are essential for healing because of their ability to produce over thirty kinds of tissue chemicals and growth factors. These cells are capable of recruiting other systemic and local stem cells for the repair of damaged tissues. The process of immune modulation also requires these cells. The functions of T-cells are something that they help with in terms of their suppression or promotion.
There are studies in horses regarding the use of stem cell therapy. Repair of injuries in the ligament of horses is the most common function of this therapy. You can click here for more stem cell therapy facts.